Fisheries and Land Resources

Birds

Newfoundland and Labrador is a birdwatchers' delight, with 373 species - including 204 native birds and 166 irregular visitors - found in the province. Ruffed Grouse, Spruce Grouse, and European Starling are considered exotic.

  • The province's Species Status Advisory Committee (SSAC) and the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) have assessed several bird species, resulting in three - Red Crossbill, Piping Plover, and Eskimo Curlew - being listed At Risk in the province.
  • Several bird species including Willet, Caspian Tern, Yellow Bellied Sapsucker, Blackburian Warbler, Bobolink and Red-winged Blackbird May Be at Risk and require further consideration by the SSAC or COSEWIC.

Highlights from the 2000 Bird General Status Assessments

  • Two species are Extinct: Labrador Duck and Auk;
  • Three species are At Risk: Red Crossbill, Piping Plovers, and Eskimo Curlew;
  • Six species May Be at Risk and require further assessment;45% of species occurring in the province are not native, and are considered Accidental or Vagrant;
  • 72.6%  of Newfoundland's native birds are listed as Secure;78% of Labrador's native birds are Secure;In Newfoundland, 22 species are Sensitive. In Labrador, nine species are Sensitive.

2000 General Status of Newfoundland and Labrador's Birds

 

 

 

 

 

Family

Common Name

Scientific Name

Newfoundland

Labrador

Provincial

Order: Anseriformes

Anatidae

Pink-footed Goose

Anser brachyrhynchus

Accidental

Accidental

Accidental

Greater White-fronted Goose

Anser albifrons

Accidental

Accidental

Accidental

Snow Goose

Chen caerulescens

Accidental

Accidental

Accidental

Brant

Branta bernicla

Accidental

Accidental

Accidental

Barnacle Goose

Branta leucopsis

Accidental

Accidental

Canada Goose

Branta canadensis

Secure

Secure

Secure

Tundra Swan

Cygnus columbianus

Accidental

Accidental

Accidental

Wood Duck

Aix sponsa

Accidental

Accidental

Accidental

Gadwall

Anas strepera

Accidental

Accidental

Accidental

Eurasian Wigeon

Anas penelope

Accidental

Accidental

Accidental

American Wigeon

Anas americana

Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

American Black Duck

Anas rubripes

Secure

Secure

Secure

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos

Secure

Secure

Secure

Blue-winged Teal

Anas discors

Sensitive

Accidental

Sensitive

Northern Shoveler

Anas clypeata

Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

Northern Pintail

Anas acuta

Secure

Secure

Secure

Gargany

Anas querquedula

Accidental

Accidental

Green-winged Teal

Anas crecca

Secure

Secure

Secure

Green-winged Teal (European)

A. c. crecca

Accidental

 

Accidental

Canvasback

Aythya valisineria

Accidental

Accidental

Redhead

Aythya americana

Accidental

Accidental

Ring-necked Duck

Aythya collaris

Secure

Secure

Secure

Tufted Duck

Aythya fuligula

Accidental

Accidental

Greater Scaup

Aythya marila

Secure

Secure

Secure

Lesser Scaup

Aythya affinis

Accidental

Undetermined

Undetermined

King Eider

Somateria borealis

 

Secure

Common Eider

Somateria mollissima

Sensitive

Secure

Secure

Harlequin Duck

Histrionicus histrionicus

May be at Risk

Sensitive

Sensitive

Labrador Duck

Camptorhynchus labradorius

Extinct

Extinct

Extinct

Surf Scoter

Melanitta perspicillata

Secure

Secure

Secure

White-winged Scoter

Melanitta fusca

Secure

Secure

Secure

 
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