Fisheries and Land Resources

Mammals

Newfoundland and Labrador is home to 43 terrestrial mammals, with three species occasionally appearing within our borders. Some of these species are not well known, like flying squirrels or jumping mice in Labrador; while others are elusive, such as lynx. Some of them have become so rare they are threatened or endangered, specifically the Newfoundland marten and the wolverine.

  • Newfoundland is home to 30 mammal species. Fourteen are considered native, and one species, the Grey Wolf, has been Extirpated. There are 12 exotic species in Newfoundland, and three Accidental/Vagrant species.
  • Labrador has 41 terrestrial mammal species, including 35 native, three exotic, and three Accidental/Vagrant species. The only animal considered At Risk in Labrador is the Wolverine.

Highlights from the 2000 Terrestrial Mammal General Status Assessments

  • Two Species are At Risk: America Marten (Newfoundland), and Wolverine (Labrador).
  • Five Species have been assigned the Status of Sensitive: Northern Myotis (province wide), Little Brown Myotis (Newfoundland), Polar Bear (Labrador), Arctic Hare (Newfoundland), and Rock Vole (Labrador).
  • 10% of the mammals in Labrador have a status Undetermined due to lack of information.
  • 12 of the 26 Newfoundland's resident mammals are Exotic.
  • Of native mammals, 82% in Labrador and 72% in Newfoundland are Secure.

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 2000 General Status of Newfoundland and Labrador's Terrestrial Mammals

Order

Family

Common Name

Scientific Name

Newfoundland

Labrador

Provincial

Chiroptera-Bats

Hoary Bat

Lasiurus cinereus

Accidental

Accidental

Vespertilionidae

Northern Myotis

Myotis septentrionalis

Sensitive

Sensitive

Little Brown Myotis

Myotis lucifugus

Sensitive Secure Secure

Carnivora-Carnivores

The Newfoundland Wolf, thought to be a separate subspecies, is Extirpated.

Canidae

Arctic Fox

Alopex lagopus

Accidental Secure Secure

Eastern Coyote

Canis latrans

Secure Accidental Secure

Gray Wolf

Canis lupus

EXTIRPATED

Secure Secure

Red Fox

Vulpes vulpes

Secure Secure Secure

Felidae

Feral Cat

Felis catus

Exotic Exotic Exotic

Canada Lynx

Lynx lynx

Secure Secure Secure
Newfoundland Marten subspecies is listed as Endangered.

Mustelidae

Wolverine

Gulo gulo

At Risk At Risk

Northern River Otter

Lontra canadensis

Secure Secure Secure

American Marten

Martes americana

At Risk Secure Secure

American Marten

M. a. americana

Secure Secure

Newfoundland Marten

M. a. atrata

At Risk

At Risk

Fisher

Martes pennanti

Accidental Accidental
Polar Bear has been listed as Vulnerable.

Ermine

Mustela erminea

Secure Secure Secure

Least Weasel

Mustela nivlalis

Undetermined Undetermined

Mink

Mustela vison

Exotic Secure Secure

Ursidae

Black Bear

Ursus americanus

Secure Secure Secure

Polar Bear

Ursus maritimus

Accidental Sensitive Sensitive

Lagomorpha-Rabbits, Hares or Pikas

Leporidae

Snowshoe Hare

Lepus americanus

Exotic Secure Secure

Arctic Hare

Lepus arcticus

Sensitive Secure Secure

Insectivora-Insectivores

Soricidae

Masked Shrew

Sorex cinerius

Exotic Secure Secure

Pigmy Shrew

Sorex hoyi

Undetermined Undetermined

Water Shrew

Sorex palustris

Undetermined Undetermined
The Lac Joseph, Mealy Mountain, and Red Wine Woodland Caribou herds are listed as Threatened.

Talpidae

Star-nosed Mole

Condylura cristata

Secure Secure

Artiodactyla-Ungulates

Bovidae

Muskox

Ovibus moschatus

Accidental Accidental

Cervidae

Moose

Alces alces

Exotic Secure Secure

Woodland Caribou

Rangifer tarandus

Secure Secure Secure

Rodentia-Rodents

Castoridae

American Beaver

Castor canadensis

Secure Secure Secure

Dipodidae

Woodland Jumping Mouse

Napaeozapus insignis

Undetermined Undetermined

Meadow Jumping Mouse

Zapus hudsonius

Secure Secure

Erethizontidae

Common Porcupine

Erethizon dorsatum

Secure Secure

Muridae

Southern Red-backed Vole

Clethrionomys gapperi

Exotic Secure Secure

Northern Bank Vole

Clethrionomys glareolus

Exotic

Exotic

Labrador Collared Lemming

Dicrostonyx hudsonius

Secure Secure

Rock Vole

Microtus chrotorrhinus

Sensitive Sensitive

Meadow Vole

Microtus pennsylvanicus

Secure Secure Secure

House Mouse

Mus musculus

Exotic Exotic Exotic

Muskrat

Ondatra zibethicus

Secure Secure Secure

Deer Mouse

Peromyscus maniculatus

Exotic Secure Secure

Heather Vole

Phenacomys intermidius

Secure Secure

Norway Rat

Rattus norvegicus

Exotic Exotic Exotic

Northern Bog Lemming

Synaptomys borealis

Secure Secure

Sciuridae

Northern Flying Squirrel

Glaucomys sabrinus

Secure Secure

Woodchuck

Marmota monax

Secure Secure

Eastern Chipmunk

Tamias striatus

Exotic

Exotic

Red Squirrel

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Exotic Secure Secure

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Summary of the 2000 General Status Ranks for Newfoundland and Labrador Terrestrial Mammals

Rank

Newfoundland

Labrador

Provincial

Extinct/Extirpated

1

0

1

At Risk

1

1

1

May be at Risk

0

0

0

Sensitive

3

2

3

Secure

10

29

30

Undetermined

0

4

4

Not Assessed

0

0

0

Exotic

12

3

5

Accidental/Vagrant

3

3

3

Grand Total

30

41

47

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