Fisheries and Land Resources

Plants

Ferns and Orchids

Ferns and Orchids can be found in a variety of habitats throughout Newfoundland and Labrador. Lady Slippers may be found on the Limestone Barrens of the Northern Peninsula, and also nestled in the forests of the west coast. Ferns are found everywhere, from screen slopes and cliff edges to limestone barrens and forest floors

  • Fifty native fern species and 37 native orchid species are found in Newfoundland and Labrador.  Two orchid species and two fern species are exotic.
  • Newfoundland has almost twice as many fern species as Labrador; more than one-quarter of the species in Newfoundland and more than one-third in Labrador May Be at Risk.
  • Newfoundland also has twice as many recorded orchid species as Labrador; however, much of Labrador has not yet been surveyed. 

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Highlights from the 2000 Ferns & Orchids

General Status Assessments
  • All ferns are native; however, three species were Not Assessed under the 2000 assessments; 
  • Thirteen of 50 fern species in Newfoundland and nine of 26 in Labrador May Be at Risk; 
  • Twenty-two fern species in Newfoundland and nine in Labrador are Secure;
  • Newfoundland has 39 recorded orchid species;
  • Labrador has less than half of that number, with 15 recorded orchid species; Eight of Newfoundland's Orchid Species May Be at Risk; 
  • Only two orchids are Exotic.

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General Status of Newfoundland and Labrador's Ferns

Order

Family

Common Name

Scientific Name

Newfoundland

Labrador

Provincial

Filicales

Aspleniaceae

Maidenhair Spleenwort

Asplenium trichomanes

May be at Risk

May be at Risk

Green Spleenwort

Asplenium viride

Secure May be at Risk Secure

Dennstaedtiaceae

Hayscented Hern

Dennstaedtia punctilobula

May be at Risk

May be at Risk

Bracken Fern

Pteridium aquilinum

Secure

Secure

Alpine Lady Fern

Athyrium alpestre

Sensitive May be at Risk Sensitive

Northern Lady Fern

Athyrium filix-femina

Secure Secure Secure

Bulblet Bladder Fern

Cystopteris bulbifera

Sensitive

Sensitive

Fragile Fern

Cystopteris fragilis

Secure Secure Secure

Laurentian Fragile Fern

Cystopteris laurentiana

May be at Risk

May be at Risk

Mountain Bladder Fern

Cystopteris montana

May be at Risk May be at Risk May be at Risk

Mountain Woodfern

Dryopteris campyloptera

Secure Sensitive Secure

Spiny Woodfern

Dryopteris carthusiana

Secure Undetermined Secure

Dryopteridaceae

Crested Woodfern

Dryopteris cristata

Secure

Secure

Northern Woodfern

Dryopteris expansa

May be at Risk Secure Secure

Male Fern

Dryopteris filix-mas

Secure

Secure

Fragrant Woodfern

Dryopteris fragrans

May be at Risk Sensitive Sensitive

Evergreen Woodfern

Dryopteris intermedia

Secure

Secure

Marginal Woodfern

Dryopteris marginalis

May be at Risk

May be at Risk

Common Oak Fern

Gymnocarpium dryopteris

Secure Secure Secure

Limestone Oak Fern

Gymnocarpium robertianum

Sensitive

Sensitive

Ostrich Fern

Matteucia struthiopteris

Secure

Secure

 
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