Mink are native to Labrador. On the Island, mink are descendent from escapes from fur farms and intentional introductions dating back to 1934.
Mink prefer habitat near water, especially wooded - river banks, lakeshores, forest edges, marshes, etc.
Mink occupy all of Canada south of the treeline, Anticosti Island and Queen Charlotte Islands.
Primary food source for mink is small mammals, such as meadow voles, muskrats, and shrews; as well as fish, frogs and salamanders. They will also eat insects, birds and earthworms.
Mink have few natural predators, but will be preyed upon by Great Horned Owls, Red Foxes, Coyotes, Wolves, and Black Bears.
From 3 to 6 years in the wild.
Mink have a long, slender body with short, sturdy legs and a long neck and pointed face, bushy tail and small ears. The fur is soft and shiny (brown underfur and long, shiny guard hairs) and varies in color from rich brown to almost black; a white patch may be present under the chin. Males are larger than females.
The gestation period for mink varies from 40 to 75 days due to delayed implantation, and usually averages 51 days. Litter size varies from 2 to 10, and averages 5. Young are usually born in late April or early May, and remain with the mother until August.
Adult males average (4.5 lbs)(2.07 kg) and are (21 inches)(535 mm) in length; adult females average (2 lbs)(.89 kg) and are (20 inches)(509 mm) in length.